Anuradhapura became the first capital city of Sri Lanka in 377 BC, as it represented then home of Buddhism in the country and is now one of the largest archaeological sites in the world. The fascinating ancient ruins include the huge bell shaped stupa built of small sun dried bricks, as well as temples, sculptures, palaces and drinking water reservoirs.
Polonnaruwa was the captial of Sri Lanka in mediaeval times, and is one of the UNESCO World Heritage sites of Sri Lanka. The huge sea like irrigation reservoirs, magnificent monuments and very well preserved statues offer you rich and fascinating glimpses of Sri Lanka in the 11th 12th century.
Sigiriya is a major archaeological site in Asia...a massive rock rising 200meters above the surrounding plains. This World Heritage city and palace at Sigiriya provides a unique combination of 5th century urban planning, architecture, hydraulics, civil engineering, garden design, sculpture and painting. The most famous features of the Sigiriya paintings are frescoes..., originally there were images of around 500 topless women... but only 20 can be seen today.
The Golden rock cave temple at Dabulla dates back to the 1st century BC and comprises of a complex of five caves with well preserved colorful ceiling and wall paintings, depicting the life and times of Buddha and also a collection of 157 statues of Buddha of various sizes and poses,..... some of which are carved out of the original rock. One of the most important centers of Buddhist pilgrimage in Sri Lanka.
Kandy Tooth Temple
Kandy is the last kingdom of Sri Lanka. The Sacred Tooth Temple is the present home of the Buddha's tooth. Here visitors can observe the ancient traditions of drumming and chanting in honor of the tooth relic which is performed 3 times every day, 365 days per year. The Sacred Tooth Temple occupies a unique position in the life of the people in Sri Lanka. The royal complex is also situated around the Temple of the Tooth on the edge of Kandy Lake. The most colorful pageant of Asia is held in July - August each year is in honor of the Tooth Relic, and comprises of a hundred or more colorfully dressed and decorated elephants, many drummers and dancers,... and many more attractions.
The Hill country of Nuwara Eliya
The countryside around Nuwara Eliya rises from 3000ft to over 8000ft., making Nuwara Eliya the highest hill country of Sri Lanka and so for many visitors is considered the most beautiful part of Sri Lanka, being home to mist shrouded tea plantations, cool green hills, rushing water falls and colonial style buildings. Thus Nuwara Eliya is the most British of all Sri Lankan towns and the heart of the tea industry,.... and so the world famous "Ceylon tea" is known as Sri Lanka's "little England".
Galle is the capital city of the southern province of Sri Lanka, with a natural harbor; also you can visit rumassala which is a large mound like hill being a major attraction in Galle city. The Galle fort World Heritage site is one of the largest and best preserved forts in south Asia, the interior of which exudes much old world charm. Within the ramparts and stone walls, can be found many narrow and charming streets dotted with colonial Dutch villas, and several museums and also the very beautiful Dutch reformed church.
Colombo is the commercial capital of Sri Lanka, being the largest city of over a million inhabitants, and Fort is its historic center. This has now become the main business district, filled with shops, office blocks, high class hotels, government buildings, and many gracious old buildings of the Dutch and British colonial period. The main tourist attractions include national museums, big Buddhist and Hindu temples, old churches, beautiful parks, great restaurants, many big shopping centers and colonial buildings which now make up this fascinating and modern city.